Chess piecesPlacement of the pieces¿Who starts the game?How the Chess pieces moveThe ELOChess formats according to FIDEChess Special RulesStalemate in ChessCheckmate in Chess

Play chess online with your friends and get rewards.

Link a Google PlayLogo app Store

In the meantime we leave you with a chess manual so that you don't forget any rule or concept, if you want to read more content about chess such as movies and series where chess appears click on the button below:

Chess in movies
Chapter 1

The chess board

A chessboard is a used to play . It consists of 64 squares, 8 rows by 8 columns, on whic It is square in shape and uses two colours of squares, one light and one dark, in a chequered pattern. During play, the board is oriented such that each player's near-right corner square is a light square.

ejemplo tablero

Chapter 2

Chess pieces

Chess consists of 32 pieces divided into two factions of different colors; white and black. We have for each faction a total of 8 pawns, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, a king and a queen.

In Chess we give a relative value to the pieces. This relative value of the pieces is a system of quantification used to determine the strength of each piece in a standard way and to mathematically calculate the loss or gain of the pieces during the game, as well as the strategic value of the pieces.

This concept of valuation has no formal importance, but it serves to help the players. You can see the relative values of the pieces in the figures below:


1 point


‍5 p

Pieza Caballo

3 points

Pieza Alfil

3 points

Pieza Reina

9 points

Pieza Rey


Chapter 3

How the pieces in Chess are placed

The placement of the pieces in chess is simple but you have to learn it once in order not to make initial positional mistakes.

See how the pieces are placed
Chapter 4

How to start a Chess game

As we already know, in chess there are two opponents who play with the same pieces each with the difference that one player plays with the black pieces and the other player plays with the white pieces.

The game will start with the player with the white pieces and from then on they alternate moves (once they play white, another time they play black .... and so on).

Chapter 5

The moves of the pieces in Chess

This chapter is the most important chapter of the manual to learn how to play chess. Each piece has its specific moves and it is necessary to know them perfectly. We explain it in this separate section. Click on the button below.


Chapter 6

ELO rating system

The ELO rating system, invented by Árpád Élö, is a mathematical method, based on statistical calculation that allows to calculate the relative ability of the players.

The FIDE (International Chess Federation) classifies the ELO in titles or ranks. Click on the button to find out what ELO rank you are.

ELO rating systemMagnus Carslen
Chapter 7

Chess formats according to FIDE

FIDE (International Chess Federation) categorizes chess into three categories according to the pace of play. The pace of play refers to the time limit for each player and the existence of a control or number of moves that a player must make in a certain period of time.

A. Standard:
Or also called slow games. FIDE recommends 90 minutes for the first 40 moves followed by 30 minutes for the rest of the game. Add 30 seconds for each move from the move of one.

B. Rapid:
Those games in which players have 15 minutes plus 10 seconds extra time for each move.

C. Blitz:
This type of games are the fastest, they are played at a pace of 3 minutes and 2 seconds (extra time) for each move.

Chapter 8

Special Chess rules

As expected, chess has some special rules/moves outside the general theory. It is important to know them as they can occur and in many cases they are a very good option to use.

A. En passant

During the learning of chess there are concepts that are somewhat more complicated than the rest. This happens with the en passant capture, a move that in many occasions is not correctly fixed in the mind of the person who is learning chess. That is why we consider important to dedicate this small section to it, with the idea of making the ideas as clear as possible.

The en passant capture is an exclusive move of the pawns, no other piece can perform it. So, it is a move that only pawns make and in which you can only capture an opponent's pawn. The en passant capture can only be done at a specific time: when an opponent's pawn has moved two squares and has been placed next to one of our pawns: Then, at that moment we can capture the enemy pawn en passant, capture that is done diagonally as it is a pawn, as you will see in the following diagram:

Capturing en passant is not mandatory, we can decide to capture or not as it suits us. It is important to be clear that you can only capture on the move just after the enemy pawn has moved two squares, that means, in our next move. If we make another move, we will not be able to capture that pawn in the future. Another aspect to note, just in case, is that you can capture en passant if the enemy pawn is placed next to one of your pawns on the left or right side, the only requirement is that it is only one square away.

Ejemplo tableroEjemplo tableroEjemplo tablero

B. Pawn promotion

Pawn promotion occurs when a pawn reaches the last row of the board, which is the eighth for White and the first for Black. When this happens, the player who has crowned can replace the pawn with any other piece, i.e. a queen, a rook, a bishop or a knight.In the vast majority of cases, the piece chosen is the queen, given its superior value. After a player crowns a pawn, it is up to his opponent to move (unless, of course, he has received a checkmate).

Nowadays, as we mentioned above, a pawn that has just been crowned can become any piece. Moreover, there is no limit to the number of pieces it is possible to crown, regardless of which ones are still left on the board. That is, technically, a player can have 9 queens, 10 rooks, 10 bishops and 10 knights, although the reality is that it is practically impossible for that to happen.

Ejemplo tableroEjemplo tableroEjemplo tableroEjemplo tablero

C. The castling

Castling is a very important move and requires a separate mention.

The Castling
Chapter 9

Stalemate in Chess. Is it possible to draw in Chess? Yes

Surprisingly, in chess many times you don't win or lose: YOU DRAW. In chess vocabulary it is known as a STALEMATE. There are several situations in the game that generate a draw situation. Learn about them by clicking on the button below:

Chapter 10

Chess checkmate

Checkmate is a chess position in which the king is threatened (in check) and this situation cannot be changed by any legal move. The player who manages to checkmate the opponent's king is the winner of the game. The expression comes from the Arabic شاه مات (shâh mâta), which means "the king is trapped" or "the king has no escape

"The most basic checkmates are with the queen, with two rooks or with a rook

There are checkmates with their own name. Among the most famous are:

-Scholar's Mate (The 4-Move Checkmate): Mate at the beginning of the game
-Back Rank Mate: Beware of making the triple wall with the pawns
-Smothered Mate: Do not lock up your own king
-Damiano's Mate: Mate of the most classic with queen and pawn
-Fool's Mate: The fastest mate that exists, in two moves
-Boden's Mate: Mate with two bishops in crisscrossing diagonals.

coming soon in our app...